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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – Common Symptoms and Causes

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a state in which the ovaries produce an irregular amount of androgens, male sex hormones that are generally present in women in small amounts. The name polycystic ovary syndrome represents the multiple small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) that develop in the ovaries. However, some women with this disorder do not have cysts, while some women without the disorder do form cysts.

Ovulation occurs when a mature egg is discharged from an ovary. This occurs so a male sperm can fertilise it. But, if the egg is not fertilised, it is transmitted out of the body during your period.

A woman doesn’t make sufficient levels of hormones required to ovulate in some cases. When ovulation doesn’t occur, the ovaries can develop numerous small cysts. These cysts make hormones called androgens. Women with PCOS often have high levels of androgens. This can develop more problems with a woman’s menstrual cycle. And it can generate many of the symptoms of PCOS.

You can do PCOS treatment at home by Medication as it can often control PCOS. This will cure PCOS, and helps lessen the symptoms and deter some health problems instantly. There are various PCOS treatment medications available in the market like – YIN (PC). It is one of the best ayurvedic medicines for PCOS.

What causes PCOS?

The actual reason for PCOS is not apparent. Many women with PCOS have insulin resistance. This means the body can’t use insulin well. Insulin levels build up in the body and may induce increased androgen levels. Obesity can also raise insulin levels and make PCOS symptoms worse. PCOS may also run in families. It’s normal for sisters or a mother and daughter to have PCOS.

The exact cause of PCOS isn’t known. Factors that might play a role include:

  • Excess insulin. Insulin is the hormone produced in the pancreas that permits cells to use sugar, your body’s primary energy supply. If your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, then your blood sugar levels can rise, and your body might produce more insulin. Excess insulin might increase androgen production, causing difficulty with ovulation. Up to 70 percent of women with PCOS have insulin resistance, meaning their cells can’t use insulin properly. When cells can’t use insulin properly, the body’s demand for insulin increases. The pancreas makes more insulin to compensate. Extra insulin triggers the ovaries to produce more male hormones.
  • Low-grade inflammation. This term describes white blood cells’ production of substances to fight infection. Research has shown that women with PCOS have a kind of low-grade inflammation that produces polycystic ovaries to produce androgens, leading to heart and blood vessel problems. Women with PCOS usually worry about how to get rid of PCOS and have increased levels of inflammation in their bodies. Being overweight can also contribute to inflammation. Studies have linked excess inflammation to higher androgen levels.
  • Heredity. Research suggests that specific genes might be linked to PCOS. Many genes — not just one — likely donate to the condition.
  • Excess androgen. The ovaries produce abnormally high androgen levels, resulting in hirsutism and acne.

What are the risks for PCOS?

If your mother or sister has it, you may be more likely to have PCOS. You may also be more likely to have it if you have insulin resistance or are obese.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?

Signs and symptoms of PCOS often form around the time of the first menstrual period during puberty. Sometimes PCOS forms later, for example, in response to substantial weight gain.

Signs and symptoms of PCOS vary. The symptoms of PCOS may include:

  • Irregular periods. Infrequent, irregular, or prolonged menstrual cycles are the most standard sign of PCOS. For example, you might have less than nine periods a year, more than 35 days between periods, and abnormally heavy periods.
  • Excess androgen. Elevated levels of male hormones may result in physical signs, such as excess facial and body hair (hirsutism) and occasionally severe acne and male-pattern baldness.
  • Polycystic ovaries. Your ovaries might be enlarged and contain follicles that cover the eggs. As a result, the ovaries might fail to function regularly. But worry not, there is a permanent cure for PCOS in Ayurveda.
  • Abnormal hair growth: Extra facial hair and heavy hair growth on the arms, chest, and abdomen (hirsutism). This affects up to 70% of women with PCOS.
  • Acne: PCOS can cause acne, especially back, chest and face. This acne may continue past the teenage years and be difficult to treat.
  • Obesity: About 80% of women with PCOS are overweight or have obesity and have trouble losing weight.
  • Darkening of the skin: Patches of dark skin, mainly in the folds of your neck, armpits, in (between the legs), and underneath the breasts. This is known as acanthosis nigricans.
  • Cysts: Many women with PCOS have little pockets of fluid in their ovaries.
  • Skin tags: Skin tags are small flaps of extra skin. They’re usually found in the armpits or on the neck in women with PCOS.
  • Thinning hair: People with PCOS may lose patches of hair on their heads or start to go bald.
  • Infertility: PCOS is the most standard cause of female infertility. Lowered frequency or lack of ovulation can result in not being able to conceive.

A Piece of Advice

It’s essential to get diagnosed with PCOS as early as possible. While the above symptoms may or not mean you have it, it’s essential to get it ruled in or out. If you think that can PCOS be cured permanently – then yes, you will be able to cure it or curb it with our medicine like – YIN (PC). Early detection and treatment of PCOS can create a big difference in protecting your short- and long-term health. With the correct diagnosis and treatment, you can then take the proper steps to control PCOS and live well.